Author Archives: ilmpoint

Prowess of a Young Mind

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

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Ibn ‘Abbas رضي الله عنه was asked, “How did you gain all of this knowledge?” He replied:

بقلب عقول ولسان سؤول

With a discerning heart and an insistent tongue.

Discernment reflects an intellect and ability to judge well, while insistence upon asking questions and seeking clarification reflects a genuine and sincere thirst for knowledge.

‘Umar ibn Al-Khattab رضي الله عنه attested to both of these qualities belonging to Ibn’ Abbas while in his youth. [See, ‘Tareekh Jarjan’, #722]

Yet there was far more to his ingenuity as Ibn Taymiyyah forthwith said, relating a particular distinction of ibn Abbas:

وقد سمعوا ما سمع وحفظوا القرآن كما حفظه، ولكن أرضه كانت من أطيب الأراضي، وأقبلها للزرع، فبذر فيها النصوص

“They (the people) heard what he heard and memorised the Qur’an as he memorised it, however, his land (i.e. Madinah) was from the best of lands, and he settled there to cultivate and sow therein, the (legal) texts.”  [‘Majmu’ al-Fatawa’, 4/93]

He was therefore, shaped by his geography, while learning from the best of people – attaining a broad array of knowledge that not only specialised in tafseer, but enveloped fiqh and hadeeth – leaving a theological legacy and legal jurisprudence of his own, which the Ummah continues to appeal to in understanding fields of knowledge.

Same is also the case for another Companion who achieved a lofty status in knowledge, even as a youth. Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyyah said in his prized ‘I’lam al-Muwaqqi’een’ (1/24):

‏قال ابن جرير: لم يكن في الصحابة أحدٌ له أصحاٌب معروفون حرّروا فتياه ومذهبَه في الفقه غيرَ ابنِ مسعود

Ibn Jareer (al-Tabari) said, “There was none among the Sahabah known in his youth to have freedom in (forming and choosing matters of) jurisprudence, other than Ibn Mas’ood.”

May Allah make them the best of examples for our own youth to emulate. Ameen.

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Most Hated of Permissible Things

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

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Allah جل جلاله Said in Suratul Furqan (54):

وَهُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ مِنَ الْمَاءِ بَشَرًا فَجَعَلَهُ نَسَبًا وَصِهْرًا

And it is He who has created from water a human being and made him [a relative by] lineage and marriage…

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It has been narrated that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ is reported to have said:

أَبْغَضُ الْحَلاَلِ إِلَى اللَّهِ الطَّلاَقُ

❝ The most hated of permissible things to Allah is divorce. ❞  [1]

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Divorce has become a convenient scourge upon the ‘Ummah today; people easily washing their hands of familial responsibility – wreaking in their midst – devastation in the lives of wives and children; many of whom end up losing their stability and religious identities too. Ending up in the arms of pop culture and hedonistic societal “norms”.

القاعدة التي يوصى بها عند الخلاف بين الزوجين هي ﴿ أمسك عليك زوجك واتق الله ﴾  فلا توصي أحد الزوجين بالانفصال وأنت تجد للوفاق سبيلا

“A (highly advised) fundamental rule when a dispute between spouses arises {Hold on to your husband and fear Allah} It is never recommend that one of the couple disengage (and separate), for you will (eventually) find a path towards conciliation.”

و تذكر ‏المحبة والعلاقة الزوجية الرفيعة لاتأتي بين يوم وليلة! بل هي رصيد ضخم من العطاء والبذل والتضحية والتعاون عبر عقود من الزمن!

“Love and marital bonds are not formed over a day and night, but require a huge deposit of giving, making sacrifice and cooperation over decades!”

فرأو‏لا يصحّ أن يُبنى الزواج على الحبّ وحده إلّا إن صحّ أن تُبنى العمارة الضخمة على أساس من الملح، في مجرى الماء

“(It is also) not true that marriage is built on love alone, it is true however true, that the erection of a tall building is built on the foundation of salt in the (running) stream of water.” In other words, the dynamics of any marital relationship needs to be nurtured and constantly weighed against anything that might risk or upset the harmony between the spouses.

And there are many statements from ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab for example, pertaining to maintaining of the Muslim household, even it is requires bearing with a loveless marriage, for the alternative usually fares far worse for all those involved. Problem with many trigger-happy Muslims nowadays is that they act hastily and do not ponder enough over the devastating consequences of divorce.

The Shari’ah has, with all its wisdom and acute acumen of human condition, has provided for separation where the genuine need and betterment of the parties is safeguarded as much as possible. It recognises and caters for exit strategies for the sake of preserving human dignity and sanctity of life and religion. There is a due process, which may also involve counselling and conciliatory approach; the clause must not be abused or taken liberties with.

May Allah strengthen and preserve the bonds of marriage where a workable solution can be found, and separation is not considered the standard solution.

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Further reading:
https://www.islam21c.com/islamic-thought/dont-play-dare-with-divorce/
https://www.islam21c.com/islamic-thought/protecting-a-marriage-from-tearing-apart/

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[1]  A very well-known narration that is found many books of hadeeth. Most scholars classify it as being from the ‘mursal’ narrations, although others have authenticated it to a higher grade. See ‘Sunan Abi Da’wud’, #2178; Al-Bayhaqi, ‘Sunan al-Sagheer’, 3/112; ‘Fath al-Bari’, 9/269; Al-Albani, ‘Irwa’ al-Ghaleel’, 7/108 (and ‘Al-Ta’aliqat’, 2/238); Ibn Baz, ‘Majmu’ Fatawa’, 25/253. See also Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, ‘Sharh Buloogh al-Maram’, 5/4


Habituate Goodness 💫

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

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“Every action has an equal and opposite reaction.” thus states Newton’s third law of (natural) motion. Whatever may be your action, there is bound to be a reaction; and nothing that illustrates this theory better than the shari’ idea of recompense. Rather, a good action may return a reward greater than the act itself.

It is authentically attributed to the eminent Companion, Ibn Mas’ood رضي الله عنه that he said, when advising people of causes and consequences:

تعودوا الخير فإنما الخير في العادة

Get in the habit of doing good, for indeed doing good becomes habitual. ❞  [Al-Musannaf ibn Abi Shaybah, 4/165 (#4993)]

In other words, nurturing and priming oneself to enact good deeds will over time, accustom him to regular fulfillment of that deed. And it is revealed:

هَلْ جَزَاءُ الْإِحْسَانِ إِلَّا الْإِحْسَانُ

Is the reward for good (anything) except good? ❞  [Al-Rahman, 60]


Brotherhood Upon Obedience

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

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Sometimes we become immersed in the daily chores of family life, and an open and deliberate cognisance of the Hereafter takes a back seat. Brothers and friends in Deen on the other hand, push us towards Allah’s dhikr and obedience of Him ﷻ‎.

Al-Hasan al-Basri رحمه الله said in comparing family and brotherhood:

إخواننا أحب إلينا من أهلينا وأولادنا، لأن أهلنا يذكروننا بالدنيا وإخواننا يذكروننا بالله والدار الآخرة

❝ Our ikhwan are more beloved to us than our family members and our children. For our families remind us of the dunya, while our brothers remind us of Allah and the abode of the akhirah. ❞  [Ihya’ Uloom al-Deen]

The importance of brotherhood in Islam is something our Deen has expounded in great detail. Even in today’s world, the virtue of righteous friendship remains highly guarded. However, the intent and love behind such brotherhood needs to move beyond mere worldly reasons and into more loftier motivations.

Ibn Abbas رضي الله عنه said, while observing the state of bonds of brotherhood in his own time:

قد صارت عامة مؤاخاة الناس على أمر الدنيا وذلك لا يُجدي على أهله شيئاً

❝ It has generally become such that brotherhood of people is based on matters of the dunya, and it doesn’t notably (and positively) impact a person’s household of anything. ❞  [Kitab al-Zuhd, Ibn al-Mubarak, p.353]

This type of brotherhood that propels righteousness and obedience needs to develop into a mutual longing for the tangible benefits that inspires and influences one’s own personal development and that of those around him. And tawfeeq is from Allah alone.


Commensurate

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

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Allah جل جلاله Said:

وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْكُمْ وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ وَلَيُمَكِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ دِينَهُمُ الَّذِي ارْتَضَىٰ لَهُمْ وَلَيُبَدِّلَنَّهُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ خَوْفِهِمْ أَمْنًا ۚ يَعْبُدُونَنِي لَا يُشْرِكُونَ بِي شَيْئًا ۚ وَمَنْ كَفَرَ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ  

“Allah has promised those among you who believe, and do righteous good deeds, that He will certainly grant them succession in the earth, as He granted it to those before them, and that He will grant them the authority to practise their religion, that which He has chosen for them (i.e. Islam). And He will surely give them in exchange a safe security after their fear (provided) they (believers) worship Me and do not associate anything (in worship) with Me. But whoever disbelieved after this, they are the Fasiqoon.” [Al-Noor, 55]

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Ibn Al-Qayyim said:  والعبد إن غير المعصية بالطاعة غير الله عليه العقوبة بالعافية والذل بالعز

“If the slave (of Allah) changes his sin (and disobedience) to obedience, Allah will change his punishment to safety, and change his humiliation to honour.”   [Al-Jawab al-Kafi, 93]

Shaykh Abdul Aziz bin Baz (rahimahullah) said:

فمتى تمسك المسلمون بدين الله والتزموا بما أوجب الله عليهم, وابتعدوا عما حرم عليهم, وحكموا شريعته, فإن الله سبحانه ينصرهم, ويؤيدهم على أعدائهم, ويكتب لهم النجاح والسعادة في الدنيا والآخرة, ويمنحهم الأمن في الدنيا وفي الآخرة, كما قال عز وجل: الذين آمنوا ولم يلبسوا إيمانهم بظلم أولئك لهم الأمن وهم مهتدون

“Whenever Muslims hold fast to the religion of Allah, and commit themselves to what Allah has enjoined upon them, and moved away from what is forbidden to them, and rule by His Law, then verily Allah Almighty will grant them victory and support them against their enemies. He will write for them success and happiness in this world and the Hereafter. As Allah ‘Azza wa Jal Said:

الذين آمنوا ولم يلبسوا إيمانهم بظلم أولئك لهم الأمن وهم مهتدون

“Those who believe and do not mix their belief with injustice – they will have security, and they are rightly guided.”  [Al-An’am, 82]

~ Majmu’ul Fatawa, 7/18


Intentions Rain Rewards

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

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‘Abdullah, the son of Imam Ahmad asked his father, “O my father, counsel me” . He replied:

يا بني انو الخير فإنك لا تزال بخير ما نويت الخير

❝ O my son, (always) maintain a good intention (of purpose), for you will still (be rewarded) the good that was intended. ❞  [Ibn Muflih, ‘Adaab al-Shari’yyah’, 1/104]

After recording this statement in his work, ibn Muflih commented:

وهذه وصية عظيمة سهلة على المسئول سهلة الفهم والامتثال على السائل، وفاعلها ثوابه دائم مستمر لدوامها واستمرارها، وهي صادقة على جميع أعمال القلوب المطلوبة شرعا سواء تعلقت بالخالق أو بالمخلوق وأنها يثاب عليها

“This is a great piece of advice that is easy to comply to and understand, and its enactment provides constant and continuous reward. And this is true of all the actions of the hearts that are required by shari’ah; whether it is related to the Creator or to His creation, they will be rewarded for this…

ولم أجد في الثواب عليها خلافا قال الشيخ تقي الدين في كتاب الإيمان: ما هم به من القول الحسن والعمل الحسن فإنما يكتب له به حسنة واحدة وإذا صار قولا وعملا كتب له عشر حسنات إلى سبعمائة، وذلك للحديث المشهور في الهم

And I didn’t find that (attainment of) such reward differed from what was said by shaykh Taqi’udeen (ibn Taymiyyah) in his book, ‘Kitab al-Iman’: “There’s nothing they (intend) of saying good words and doing good actions, except that it is written for him as one good one deed. And if he implements his words and actions, it is written as (anything between) ten to seven hundred good deeds. And this narration is well-known to inspire.”

See also Saheeh al-Bukhari, 7062 & Muslim, 128


Qur’an Sanctifies

١- نزل جِبْرِيل بالقرآن
فأصبح جِبْرِيل أفضل الملائكة

٢- نزل القرآن على محمد ﷺ
فأصبح محمد سيد الخلق

٣- وجاء القرآن إلى أمة محمد ﷺ فأصبحت أمة محمد خير أمة

٤- نزل القرآن بشهر رمضان
فأصبح شهر رمضان خير الشهور

٥- نزل القرآن بليلة القدر
فأصبحت ليلة القدر خير الليالي

ماذا لو ينزل القرآن بقلبك؟
ماذا لو اصبح القران دستورا أسرتك أو لبلدك؟

 

1 – Jibreel brought down the Qur’an and he became the best of Angels ..

2- The Qur’an was revealed to Muhammad ﷺ and he became the leader/master of the creation.

3- The Qur’an came to the nation of Muhammad ﷺ and it became the best of nations.

4 – The Qur’an was revealed during the month of Ramadan and it became the best of months.

5 – The Qur’an was revealed in the Night of Al-Qadr and it became the best of nights ..

What if the Qur’an comes down in the depth of your heart? What if the Qur’an became the constitution for your household or country?

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REFLECT.