Prioritising the Heart ๐Ÿ’›

ุจุณู… ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุฑุญู…ู† ุงู„ุฑุญูŠู…

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Qur’an Reforms Hearts

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Scholars identify a hardened heart as “root” of all punishments, and its basis in found in Al-Baqarah 74:

ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ู‚ูŽุณูŽุชู’ ู‚ูู„ููˆุจููƒูู… ู…ูู‘ู† ุจูŽุนู’ุฏู ุฐูŽูฐู„ููƒูŽ ููŽู‡ููŠูŽ ูƒูŽุงู„ู’ุญูุฌูŽุงุฑูŽุฉู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุฃูŽุดูŽุฏู‘ู ู‚ูŽุณู’ูˆูŽุฉู‹

“Then your hearts became hardened after that, being like stones or even harder…”

Qaswat al-qalb (hardening of the heart) is a topic many scholars have addressed throughout history because of its pivitol status and the profound impact it has on one’s life in determining success or failure. It is directly linked to receiving guidance and self-reformation.

And in the moving words of Malik ibn Dinar (d.127H) who said, “What is there that strikes the slave (of Allah) greater than hardening of the heart, for the wrath of Allah is upon a nation from whose hearts mercy and compassion is removed.”

Al-‘Allamah Muhammad ibn Salih al-‘Uthaymeen ุฑุญู…ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ said, in response to a question regarding causes of apathy and feeling weakness in one’s Deen. And how preservation of the heart and moving away from incessant disputation is key:

โ€ุชุฑู‰ ุงู„ุนุงู…ูŠ ุฎูŠุฑุง ููŠ ุนู‚ูŠุฏุชู‡ ูˆุฅุฎู„ุงุตู‡ ู…ู† ูƒุซูŠุฑ ู…ู† ุทู„ุงุจ ุงู„ุนู„ู… ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ู„ูŠุณ ู„ู‡ู… ู‡ู… ุฅู„ุง ุงู„ุฃุฎุฐ ูˆุงู„ุฑุฏ ูˆุงู„ู‚ูŠู„ ูˆุงู„ู‚ุงู„ ู‡ุฐุงุงู„ุฐูŠ ูŠุถูŠุน ุงู„ุนุจุฏ ูˆูŠุณู„ุจ ู‚ู„ุจู‡ ุนู† ุงู„ู„ู‡

“…and (thus) you will see that the layperson is better in his ‘aqeedah and ikhlas than many of the students of knowledge, whose only concern is to criticiseย and refute and (indulge in) qeela wa qaal – causing the slave to become lost and his heart taken away from Allah.” [1]

Thus, taking special care of the heart ensures it remains soft and absorbant; readily accepting admonishment and guidance. Al-Allamah al-Sa’di ุฑุญู…ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ said:

ุตู„ุงุญ ุงู„ู‚ู„ุจ ุจูƒู…ุงู„ ุงู„ุฅู†ุงุจุฉ ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูˆู‚ูˆุฉ ุงู„ุชูˆูƒู„ ุนู„ูŠู‡ุŒ ูˆุชู…ุงู… ุงู„ุฅุฎู„ุงุต ู„ู‡ุŒ ูˆู…ุญุจุฉ ุงู„ุฎูŠุฑ ู„ูƒุงูุฉ ุงู„ุฎู„ู‚ุŒ ูˆูุณุงุฏู‡ ูˆู†ู‚ุตู‡ ุจุถุฏูู‘ ุฐู„ูƒ

“Rectifying the heart fully (and perfectly) confers itself to Allah, and wholly renders sincerity to Him. (Such a heart) loves goodness for all of the creation, and opposes corruption and deficiency.” [2]

Ibn Uthaymeen also said:

ุฅู† ู‚ุณูˆุฉ ุงู„ู‚ู„ุจ ู„ู‡ุง ุฏูˆุงุก ูˆู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุฅูƒุซุงุฑ ู…ู† ู‚ุฑุงุกุฉ ุงู„ู‚ุฑุขู†ุŒ ุฏู„ูŠู„ ุฐู„ูƒ ู‚ูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนุฒ ูˆุฌู„: ๏ดฟู„ูŽูˆู’ ุฃูŽู†ู’ุฒูŽู„ู’ู†ูŽุง ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑู’ุขู†ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฌูŽุจูŽู„ู ู„ูŽุฑูŽุฃูŽูŠู’ุชูŽู‡ู ุฎูŽุงุดูุนุงู‹ ู…ูุชูŽุตูŽุฏูู‘ุนุงู‹ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฎูŽุดู’ูŠูŽุฉู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู๏ดพ [ุงู„ุญุดุฑ:21] ูˆุงู„ุฌุจู„ ูƒู…ุง ู†ุนู„ู… ุญุฌุงุฑุฉ ุตู…ุงุก ู„ูˆ ู†ุฒู„ ุงู„ู‚ุฑุขู† ุนู„ูŠู‡ุง ู„ุฎุดุน ูˆุชุตุฏุนุŒ ูƒุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ู‚ู„ุจ ุฅุฐุง ูˆุฑุฏ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ู‚ุฑุขู† ูˆู‚ุฑุฃ ุงู„ุฅู†ุณุงู† ุจุชููƒุฑ ูˆุชู…ุนู† ูู„ุง ุจุฏ ุฃู† ูŠุคุซุฑ ููŠ ู‚ู„ุจู‡

“The hardening of the heart has a cure, and it is the recitation of the Qur’an. The evidence for this is in the Words of Allah Almighty, ‘If We had sent down this Qur’an upon a mountain, you would have seen it humbled and coming apart from fear of Allah…’ [Al Hashr, 21] And the mountain as we know is (made of) deaf stones, yet if the Qur’an was revealed upon them would render them humbled and asunder apart. Similar to that is how the the heart should respond when the person reads the Qur’an with contemplation and ponderance, it must affect the heart.” [3]

Ibn Uthaymeen also warned those to take note said regarding this remedy:

โ€ุฅุฐุง ุฑุฃูŠุช ู‚ู„ุจูƒ ู„ุง ูŠุชุฃุซุฑ ุจุงู„ู‚ุฑุขู† ูุงุชู‡ู… ู†ูุณูƒ ู„ุฃู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฃุฎุจุฑ ุฃู† ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ู‚ุฑุขู† ู„ูˆ ู†ุฒู„ ุนู„ู‰ ุฌุจู„ ู„ุชุตุฏุนุŒ ูˆู‚ู„ุจูƒ ูŠุชู„ู‰ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ู‚ุฑุขู† ูˆู„ุง ูŠุชุฃุซุฑ

“If you see your heart is not affected by the Qur’an then indict yourself, for Allah informed us that if this Qur’an descended on a mountain, it would cleave it (asunder). And yet your heart recites the Qur’an and is not affected.” [4]

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May Allah grant us hearts that are quick to return back to Him in repentence, and reform upon reminders and admonishments. Ameen.

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References:

[1] Al-Bab al-Maftooh, 232 (Audio @ http://bit.ly/2l4kqeM)
[2] Majmu’ al-Fawa’id wa Iqtinas al-Awabid
[3] See: http://binothaimeen.net/content/1661
[4] Majmu’ Fatawa wa Rasa’il, 8/278

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