بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آله وصحبه
‘Ubayd bin Khaalid رضي الله narrated:
كنت أمشي وعليَّ برد أجره، فقال لي رجل ارفع ثوبك فإنه أنقى وأبقى
“I was walking dragging my Burd (a black outer garment), A man said to me: “Raise your garment, for it (will be) cleaner and last longer.”
فنظرت فإذا هو النبي صلّى الله عليه وسلّم، فقلت: إنما هي بردة ملحاء – أي فيها خطوط سود وبيض – فقال أما لك في أسوة ؟ قال: فنظرت فإذا إزاره إلى أنصاف ساقيه
“So I looked (to see who was talking to me) and he was the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. I said: “It is only black and white treads (of the outer garment).” So he صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Don’t you have an example in me?” He (‘Ubayd) said: “I looked (at him) and his ‘Izaar was (extending) to the middle of his shins.”
[Imam Tirmidhi, ‘Ash-Shamaa’il al-Muhammadiyyah’, 121 – graded as jayyid by al-Safarini in ‘Sharh Thulathiyat al-Musnad’, 1/85 and saheeh by al-Albani in ‘Mukhtasar al-Shamaa’il’, 97]
1. Kharshah bin al-Hurr رحمه الله narrated that ‘Umar bin al-Khattaab رضي الله عنه saw a man with his ‘Izaar dragging below his ankles, so he said:
أحائض أنت، فقال يأمير المؤمنين وهل يحيض الرجل؟ قال: ” نعم لما أسبلت إزار لك – لأن إسبال الإزار لا يكون إلا للنساء
“Are you having menses?” The man replied: “O Ameerul-Mu’mineen, does a man have menses?” He said, “Yes, if you hang your ‘Izaar down – because ‘Isbaal (wearing garments below the ankles) is only for the women.” Kharshah (the narrator) then said:
فأتى عمر بمشبط مقص وقص ما ذاد عن الكعبين “. قال خرشه بن الحر: فكأنى أنظر إلى خيوط الإزار على عقبيه
“So ‘Umar came with blade or scissors and cut what trailed from the ankles.” Kharshah then said: “It is as if I’m seeing the threads of the ‘Izaar hanging from his ankles (right now).” [Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, 8/393]
2. There are numerous ahadeeth and athar that forbid Isbal and command the raising of men’s garments above their ankles. For example – Al-Bukhari, 5787 and Muslim, 106 – These are just two of the hadeeth whose meanings are general and apply to those who drag their garment out of arrogance as well as those who do it without arrogance. This is because the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم stated them in a general manner without qualification. When the Isbal is done with arrogance then it results in a sin greater and a threat more severe (see al-Bukhari, 5784 and Muslim, 2085)
See also Ruling on Isbal without conceit
3. The context of these narrations and the subsequent practises of the Sahabah and all who followed them – reflect the importance of the matter of isbal and the sin associated with it – it is not to be taken lightly as many have decided to do.
4. For those who pay mere lip service to loving the Sunnah of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, while holding onto the justifications and concessions made by the fiqh of men who came centuries after the best of generations – They need to reassess their loyalties and jolt their conscience into sincerity to Allaah and His Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم.
And Guidance is from Allaah alone.