Scholars’ silence

 

لماذا يسكت بعض العلماء في بعض النوازل ؟

Why Do Some Scholars Remain Silent When Calamities
Befall The Muslims?

Shaykh Al-‘Allaamah Saalih bin Fawzaan Al-Fawzaan حفظه الله تعالى

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Question:

نسمع بعض طلبة العلم أحيانايطعنون في العلماء بحجة أنهم يسكتون عند حصول بعض الحوادث أو عند حلول بعض النوازل فما هو تعليقكم يا فضيلة الشيخ ؟

I hear other students of knowledge sometimes boldly denounce the scholars because of their silence (in providing solutions) after some incident or calamity occurs. What is your comment o eminent Shaykh?

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Answer:

أحيانا يكون السكوت هوالمصلحة وأحيانا يكون الكلام هوالمصلحة فالعلماء يراعون المصالح ودرء المفاسد ولا يتكلمون إلا حيث يفيد الكلام وينفع ولا يسكتون إلا حيث يكون السكوت أولى فالعلماء بالمعنى الصحيح لا يسكتون إلا إذا كان السكوت له مجال ولا يتكلمون إلا إذا كان الكلام له مجال والأمور إذا حدثت لا يصلح لكل واحد أن يتكلم فيها وإنما توكل لأهل العلم وأهل الرأي وأهل الكلمة كماقال – جل وعلا

وَإِذَا جَاءَهُمْ أَمْرٌ مِنَ الْأَمْنِ أَوِ الْخَوْفِ أَذَاعُوا بِهِ وَلَوْ رَدُّوهُ إِلَى الرَّسُولِ وَإِلَى أُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنْهُمْ لَعَلِمَهُ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَنْبِطُونَهُ مِنْهُمْ 

فالأمور التي تتعلق بمصالح المسلمين وبالأمة هاذي لا يتولاها إلا أهل الحل والعقد أهل العلم والبصيرة الذين يلتمسون لها الحلول الصحيحة وأما أن يتولاها ويتكلم فيها كل من هبودب فهذا من الضرر على المسلمين ومن الإرجاف والتخويف ولا يصل المسلمون من وراء ذلك إلى نتيجة وهذه أيضا أمور قد تكون أمورسرية تعالج بالسرية ولا تعالج علانية أمام الناس وإنما تعالج مع السرية ومع الطرق الصحيحة الأمور تحتاج إلى روية وإلى تعقل والواجب على العامة أن يرجعوا إلى أهل العلم وأهل الرأي والبصيرة في هذه الأمور

Sometimes there is benefit in silence (or an interest to be gained) and sometimes there is benefit in speech, and the scholars consider (and observe) the benefit and (look to) prevent any harm. And they (the scholars) do not speak except when there is benefit to be gained from their speaking. And they do not stay silent except when silence is more correct or when (the matter) is not from their field (of speciality). And they do not speak unless the speech is from their field (of speciality). And in matters (relating to major events), then it is not correct for each and everyone to speak (or comment), rather it must be entrusted to people of knowledge (i.e. scholars) and people of authority and judgement and the (authorised) investigators, as Allaah, Almighty and High, Said:

وَإِذَا جَاءَهُمْ أَمْرٌ مِّنَ الْأَمْنِ أَوِ الْخَوْفِ أَذَاعُوا بِهِ ۖ وَلَوْ رَدُّوهُ إِلَى الرَّسُولِ وَإِلَىٰ أُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنْهُمْ لَعَلِمَهُ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَنبِطُونَهُ مِنْهُمْ

“When there comes to them some matter touching (public) safety or fear, they make it known (among the people); if only they had referred it to the Messenger or to those charged with authority among them, the proper investigators would have understood it from them (directly)”  [An-Nisaa’: 83]

Things that relate to the interests of the Muslims and the Ummah, must not be taken up by distracted (and incoherent) individuals, but left to people of influence (i.e. those in authority) and delegated to the people of knowledge and insight (i.e. scholars who have the wisdom and ability to address the problem) by seeking the right solutions. And if (the matter is) handled by everyone, and everyone speaks of it, then this would harm the Muslims. Such an approach may (exacerbate and) instil fear in Muslims and thus no proper result would be achieved. Some problems may also be dealt with confidentiality and should not be addressed openly in front of people, and dealing with confidential matters must be done with proper means and methods, calmly and clearly. It is wajib upon the general public to show prudence in referring such matters to the scholars and people of authority and judgement who have insight (wisdom and experience) in those matters.

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[Taken from – Audio transcript can be downloaded here]

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