بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آله وصحبه
As part of a lengthy hadeeth, the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
احفظوهن وأخبروا بهن من وراءكم
“Memorise it (i.e. my hadeeth) and inform with it to those who come after you.” [Saheeh al-Bukhari, 53]
The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم encouraged his Companions to memorise his words and to narrate them to those who come after them from their offspring and other than them. They were fervent upon memorising the blessed words of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and understanding them and acting upon them.
Thereafter, their students and their children took these statements and preserved them in their hearts and minds and narrated them verbally and through writing. Verily this methodology has not ceased to this day where scholars and students of knowledge strive to preserve and spread the Sunnah upon the correct methodology and understanding from the the best of generations from the first 3 centuries hijri.
Allaah سبحانه و تعالى Said:
وَتَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْبِرِّ وَالتَّقْوَىٰ ۖ وَلَا تَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۖ إِنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ
“…Help you one another in Al-Birr and At-Taqwa, but do not help one another in sin and transgression. And fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is severe in punishment.” [Al-Ma’idah, 2]
Abdullah bin Mas’ood رضي الله عنه narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
نضر الله امرأ سمع منا شيئا فبلغه كما سمعه ، فرب مبلغ أوعى من سامع
“May Allah brighten the face of the one who hears something from us and communicates it to others, for it may be the listener may understand better than the conveyor.” [Tirmidhi, 2657 and Ibn Majah and others – graded as hasan saheeh by Tirmidhi (see also ‘Saheeh at-Targheeb’, 89]
In his ‘Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi‘, al-Mubarakpuri quotes at-Teebi who said that this hadeeth includes conveying the words and deeds of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم AND his Sahabah رضي الله عنهما – as this is indicated by the plurality of the word منا ‘us’ in the text.
Mulla Ali Qari further wrote in his ‘Mirqat al-Mafatih‘, 230 about conveying of such knowledge:
وقال ابن حجر قوله : منا يحتمل أنه للجماعة فيشمل من سمع من الصحابة شيئا من الأقوال ، وقول شارح : المراد من “شيئا” عموم الأقوال والأفعال الصادرة منه عليه الصلاة والسلام وأصحابه غفلة عن كونه معمولا لسمع الذي لا يكون إلا في القول . أقول : لما قيل بعموم ” منا ” ، وقد يسمع من الصحابي أنه عليه الصلاة والسلام كان يفعل ، كذا صح أن يتعلق السمع بالفعل بهذا المعنى ، مع أن المراد بالسمع هو العلم الذي يشمل القول والفعل والشمائل أيضا ، وإنما خص السمع بالذكر لأن مدار العلم عليه غالبا
Many such narrations give the glad-tidings of joy and huge rewards for those who hear his صلى الله عليه وسلم speech or know of his actions and then convey them to others. Islam is a Deen that promotes da’wah and this can only be achieved once we know the message of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and how this message was understood and practised by his immediate followers. Allaah سبحانه و تعالى Commanded His Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم to say:
هَـٰذِهِ سَبِيلِي أَدْعُو إِلَى اللَّهِ ۚ عَلَىٰ بَصِيرَةٍ أَنَا وَمَنِ اتَّبَعَنِي
“This is my way; I invite unto Allaah with sure knowledge, I and whosoever follows me…” [Yusuf: 108]
In his last sermon, after Praising Allaah, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
أيها الناس اسمعوا قولي ، فإني لا أدري لعلي لا ألقاكم بعد عامي هذا بهذا الموقف أبدا
“O People. Listen to what I have to say, for I do not know whether I shall ever be amongst you again after this year… (Therefore listen to what I am saying to you carefully and take these words to those who could not be present today).
Thus anyone who advocates the truth to prevail, communicates the authentic knowledge to others who are capable of comprehending. In this way, knowledge will perpetuate and the conveyor is hoped to receive the glad-tidings which Allaah has Promised, just as the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
نَضَّرَ اللَّهُ امْرَأً سَمِعَ مَقَالَتِى فَوَعَاهَا ثُمَّ أَدَّاهَا إِلَى مَنْ لَمْ يَسْمَعْهَا
نضر الله عبدا سمع مقالتي ، فوعاها وحفظها ، ثم أداها إلى من لم يسمعها
“May Allah brighten the face of the one who hears what I say and retains it, then conveys it to others…” [Abu Da’wud, 10/94; At-Tirmidhi, 7/41 – graded as saheeh in ‘Saheeh al-Jaami’, 6766]
The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
إنه من أحيا سنة من سنتي قد أميتت بعدي فإن له من الأجر مثل من عمل بها من غير أن ينقص من أجورهم شيئا ومن ابتدع بدعة ضلالة لا يرضاها الله ورسوله كان عليه مثل آثام من عمل بها لا ينقص ذلك من أوزار الناس شيئا
“He who revives a Sunnah from my Sunan, which has died after me, for him is the reward like the reward of those who acted upon it, without any decrease in that reward. He who introduced evil innovation, which Allaah and His Messenger did not approve has (a burden of sin upon him) like the sins of one who acts according to it, without their sins being diminished in the least.” [At-Tirmidhi, 2677 (and Ibn Majah, 174) – graded as hasan by Tirmidhi]
And Tawfeeq is from Allaah alone.