On hot days

بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله

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Fasting on Hot Days

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Ibn Rajab commented on the virtues of fasting in the heat in ‘Lata’if al-Ma’arif’:

ومما يضاعف ثوابه في شدة الحر من الطاعات: الصيام لما فيه من ظمأ الهواجر، ولهذا كان معاذ بن جبل يتأسف عند موته على ما يفوته من ظمأ الهواجر، وكذلك غيره من السلف، وروي عن أبي بكر الصديق رضي الله عنه أنه كان يصوم في الصيف ويفطر في الشتاء، ووصى عمر رضي الله عنه عند موته ابنه عبد الله فقال له: عليك بخصال الإيمان وسمى أولها: الصوم في شدة الحر في الصيف. قال القاسم بن محمد: كانت عائشة رضي الله عنها تصوم في الحر الشديد، قيل له: ما حملها على ذلك ؟ قال: كانت تبادر الموت. وكان مجمع التيمي يصوم في الصيف حتى يسقط. كانت بعض الصالحات تتوخى أشد الأيام حرا فتصومه، فيقال لها في ذلك؟ فتقول: إن السعر إذا رخص اشتراه كل أحد. تشير إلى أنها لا تؤثر إلا العمل الذي لا يقدر عليه إلا قليل من الناس لشدته عليهم، وهذا من علو الهمة

“…And from the acts of worship whose reward is multiplied during the heat is fasting, and this is because of the thirst that one experiences in the mid-day heat. this is why Mu’adh bin Jabal expressed regret on his deathbed that he would no longer experience this mid-day thirst, as did other early Muslims.

And it was related that Abu Bakr would fast in the summer and not fast in the winter, and ‘Umar advised his son ‘Abdullah on his deathbed: “Try to obtain the characteristics of faith,” and the first one he mentioned was fasting in the intense summer heat.

And al-Qasim bin Muhammad said that ‘A’ishah would fast in the intense heat, and he was asked: “What drove her to do this?” He replied: “She would take advantage of the days before death.” And some of the righteous women would choose the hottest days and fast them, saying: “If the price is low, everyone will buy,” meaning that she wanted to do those actions that only a few were capable of due to how hard it was to do them, and this is indicative of the high aspirations these women had.

كان أبوموسى الأشعري في سفينة فسمع هاتفا يهتف: يا أهل المركب قفوا يقولها ثلاثا. فقال أبوموسى: يا هذا كيف نقف! ألا ترى ما نحن فيه، كيف نستطيع وقوفا؟ فقال الهاتف: ألا أخبركم بقضاء قضاه الله على نفسه ؟ قال: بلى! أخبرنا. قال: فإن الله قضى على نفسه أنه من عطّش نفسه لله في يوم حار كان حقا على الله أن يرويه يوم القيامة، فكان أبوموسى يتوخى ذلك اليوم الحار الشديد الحر الذي يكاد الإنسان ينسلخ منه فيصومه. قال كعب: إن الله تعالى قال لموسى: إني آليت على نفسي أنه من عطش نفسه لي أن أرويه يوم القيامة. وقال غيره: مكتوب في التوراة طوبى لمن جوّع نفسه ليوم الشبع الأكبر، طوبى لمن عطش نفسه ليوم الري الأكبر

And Abu Musa al-Ash’ari was on a boat, and he heard someone calling out: “O passengers, stand up!” And he said this three times. So, Abu Musa told him: “How can we stand up? Don’t you see where we are? How can we stand up?” So, the caller said: “Let me tell you of a rule that Allah made upon Himself: whoever makes himself thirsty for Allah’s sake on a hot day has the right upon Allah to have his thirst quenched on the Day of Resurrection.” So, Abu Musa would search out the days that were so hot that one would feel he was being cooked, and he would fast those days.

Ka’b said that Allah Said to Musa: “I made it incumbent upon Myself that whoever is thirsty for My sake will have his thirst quenched on the Day of Resurrection,” and others said that it’s written in the Torah: “Glad tidings for whoever makes himself hungry in anticipation of the Great Day where he will have his hunger satisfied, and glad tidings for whoever makes himself thirsty in anticipation of the Great Day where he will have his thirst quenched.”

قال الحسن: تقول الحوراء لولي الله وهو متكىء معها على نهر الخمر في الجنة تعاطيه الكأس في أنعم عيشه: أتدري أي يوم زوجنيك الله؟ إنه نظر إليك في يوم صائف بعيد ما بين الطرفين، وأنت في ظمأ هاجرة من جهد العطش، فباهى بك الملائكة وقال: انظروا إلى عبدي ترك زوجته ولذته وطعامه وشرابه من أجلي، رغبة فيما عندي، اشهدوا أني قد غفرت له، فغفر لك يومئذ وزوجنيك

Al-Hasan said: “A maiden of Paradise will speak to the wali of Allah while he is laying with her on the shore of a river of honey in Paradise while she hands him a glass of the sweetest drink, and she will ask him: “Do you know what day Allah married me to you? He Saw you on a long summer day while you were thirsty in the mid-day heat, and He called the Angels and Said: “Look at My slave. He has left his wife and pleasure and food and drink for Me out of his desire for what I have for him. Bear witness that I have Forgiven him,” and He Forgave you on that day and married you to me.”

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