بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله
Deeds Are Presented to Allaah During Sha’ban
Usamah ibn Zayd رضي الله عنه said, “I asked the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم:
يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ لَمْ أَرَكَ تَصُومُ شَهْرًا مِنَ الشُّهُورِ مَا تَصُومُ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ . قَالَ : ذَلِكَ شَهْرٌ يَغْفُلُ النَّاسُ عَنْهُ بَيْنَ رَجَبٍ وَرَمَضَانَ وَهُوَ شَهْرٌ تُرْفَعُ فِيهِ الأَعْمَالُ إِلَى رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ فَأُحِبُّ أَنْ يُرْفَعَ عَمَلِى وَأَنَا صَائِمٌ
“O Messenger of Allaah, why do you fast in Sha’ban more than any other month? He صلى الله عليه وسلم replied: ‘People are negligent between Rajab and Ramadan. During Sha’ban the deeds are presented to the Rabb of all the Worlds. Therefore I desire to be fasting when my deeds are lifted.'”
[Musnad Ahmad, 5/200; An-Nasaa’i, 2327; Musanaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, 9765 and others – graded as hasan by Al-Albani (in ‘Saheeh an-Nasaa’i, 2356) and Muhammad Adam al-Ethiopi]
Benefits taken from ‘Thakirat al-‘uqbah fi Sharh al-Mujtabah’ – An Explanation of Sunnan An-Nasaa’i, by Muhammad Adam Al-Ethiopi حفظه الله تعالى, vol 21, p. 266-268:
– Usamah ibn Zayd – He is ibn Haaritha ibn Sharaheel Al-Kalbi. He died in Madinah in 54 Hijrah. He was 75 years old at the time of his death رضي الله عنه.
– Negligent between Rajab and Ramadan – Means and Allaah knows best – The people used to perform extra worship during those two months, and during Sha’ban they were lax.
– During Sha’ban the deeds are lifted to the Rabb of all the Worlds – Good deeds should be performed during Sha’ban. One of the best deeds is fasting.
– Therefore I desire to be fasting when my deeds are lifted – Shaykh Wali ad-Deen رحمه الله تعالى said,”If you ask, “What does this mean?” It is written in Bukhari and Muslim that the deeds of the servant for the night are lifted to Allaah before the day. And the deeds for the day are lifted before the night?
I say there are two possible answers for this question:
1. The deeds of the servant are presented to Allaah daily. The weekly deeds are presented to Allaah on Mondays and Thursdays. The yearly deeds are presented to Allaah in Sha’ban. Hence deeds are presented to The Most Merciful one after the other. There is wisdom behind deeds being presented to Allaah in this fashion; whoever wants to ponder over this can. And if Allaah wills the servant will understand why this happens; otherwise he won’t. And the wisdom will remain with Allaah. Allaah Sees, Hears and Knows everything.
2. Daily deeds are presented to The All-Knowing daily in detail and weekly deeds are presented in general to Allaah. And Allaah knows best.”
Translated by Abu Aaliyah Abdullah
Audio sharh is available here: http://www.archive.org/details/athiobi-Nisai
A Clarification and Reconciling Between Two Ahadeeth on Sha’ban
Question: We have read in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 397 – authenticated by al-Albaani and collected by As-Suyooti, 398 upon the authority of Abi Hurayrah رضي الله عنه that he said that the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “If the first half of Sha’baan has past, then do not fast until it is Ramadan.” And there is present another hadeeth collected by As-Suyooti, 8757 – and it was authenticated by Al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 4638 upon the authority of ‘A’ishah رضى الله عنها that she said: “The most beloved of months for the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم to fast in was Sha’baan, and his fasting in Sha’ban was continuous like his fasting in Ramadan.” So how do we reconcile between these two hadeeths?
Answer: With the name of Allaah and All praise is due to Allaah. To proceed: The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم used to fast the month of Sha’ban in its entirety except for a few days as has been established from the hadeeth of ‘A’ishah and Umm Salamah. As for the hadeeth in which there is a prohibition upon fasting after the first half of Sha’ban has past, then it is Saheeh as the brother, al-‘Allaamah, ash-Shaykh Naasir ud-Deen al-Albaani رحمه الله تعالى has mentioned. And what is intended by it – the prohibition – is upon the commencement of fasting after the first half (of Sha’ban) has past. As for the one who fasts most of the month or the month entirely, then he has reached the Sunnah. And Allaah is the Granter of Tawfeeq.
[Ibn Baaz, Majmu’ Fatawa wal-Maqalat Mutnawwiyah, vol. 27]