Granting and Preventing

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آله وصحبه

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Allaah سبحانه و تعالى Said in the Noble Qur’an:

مَّا يَفْتَحِ اللَّهُ لِلنَّاسِ مِن رَّحْمَةٍ فَلَا مُمْسِكَ لَهَا ۖ وَمَا يُمْسِكْ فَلَا مُرْسِلَ لَهُ مِن بَعْدِهِ ۚ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ

“Whatever Allaah may grant to mankind, none can withhold it; and whatever He may withhold, none can grant it thereafter. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.” [Faatir: 2]

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He سبحانه و تعالى also Said:

وَإِن يَمْسَسْكَ اللَّهُ بِضُرٍّ فَلَا كَاشِفَ لَهُ إِلَّا هُوَ ۖ وَإِن يُرِدْكَ بِخَيْرٍ فَلَا رَادَّ لِفَضْلِهِ ۚ يُصِيبُ بِهِ مَن يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ

“And if Allah touches you with harm, there is none who can remove it but He, and if He intends any good for you, there is none who can repel His Favour which He causes it to reach whomsoever of His slaves He wills…” [Yunus: 107]

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The Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

اللْهُمَّ لَا مَانِعَ لِمَا أَعْطَيْتَ وَلَا مُعْطِيَ لِمَا مَنَعْتَ

“…O Allaah! There is none to prevent what You give, and none to give what You prevent…”  [Saheeh al-Bukhari, 6241]

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1. Shaykh al-Fawzaan حفظه الله تعالى commented:

“So if Allaah gives, there is no one who can prevent what He gives. Ever. And if He prevents, then no one can give what He prevents. If Allaah prevents someone from something, no one will be able to give it to him. Ever.  Don’t praise the people for what Allaah has given you and don’t blame them for what Allaah hasn’t given you, because the One who gives and the One who prevents is Allaah  جلاوعلاء – And that which is given or prevented through the slaves (of Allaah) only happens by the Command of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى – So if this is the case, then it is obligatory for the hearts and wishes to be attached to Allaah عزوجل and for the person to not be angry with the creation if what he wanted did not happen.Rather, he should know that (whatever happened) is from Allaah جلاوعلاء – He is the One who prevented it from him. Furthermore, he doesn’t know what would be beneficial; the benefit may be in preventing him from that. Allaah knows and you do not know.”

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2. Shaykh al-’Uthaymeen رحمه الله تعالى commented:

“So that which Allaah has decreed to reach you, no one can ever prevent it. And that which Allaah عزوجل Prevents, it is not possible for anyone to give it to you. No matter what means you take that would bring this thing that you want. Indeed it cannot come to you as long as Allaah has prevented it; so if a person believes in these two sentences – and believing in them is obligatory – then indeed he will depend on Allaah with regard to his provision, repelling the harm and bringing the benefit. And he will always be relying on his Rabb and believing that He سبحانه و تعالى will suffice him.”

Taken from: ‘Sharh Buloogh al-Maraam’, Kitaab is-Salaah‘, tape no. 15/4 and no. 29/6 – Found here and here

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3. In a short Q&A session, bn Baaz رحمه الله تعالى gave a nice response as to what the meaning of the hadeeth entails – Found Here

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May Allaah strengthen our Tawwakul upon Him alone.

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