بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آله وصحبه ومن تبع هداه وبعد
Superiority of Four Rak’at after Isha’
Abdullah ibn Amr رضي الله عنه said:
مَنْ صَلَّى أَرْبَعًا بَعْدَ الْعِشَاءِ كُنَّ كَقَدْرِهِنَّ مِنْ لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ
“Whoever prays four Rakah after Isha is like praying four Rakah during Laylatul Qadr.” [Musanaf ibn Abi Shaybah, 7273]
Aisha’ رضّى الله عنها said:
أَرْبَعَةٌ بَعْدَ الْعِشَاءِ يُعْدَلْنَ بِمِثْلِهِنَّ مِنْ لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ
“Four Rakah after Isha are like praying four Rakah during Laylatul Qadr.” [Musanaf ibn Abi Shaybah, 7274]
1. There are several narrations from the Companions of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم about the virtue of praying these four Rak’at after ‘Isha salah. The authentic ones are from Aisha’, Ibn Masood, Muhjahid and Abd Al-Rahman ibn al-Aswad رضي الله عنهما. Although they are narrations from the Sahabah, they hold the status of being attributed to (and being heard from) the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم – as this is an issue that one could not speak about from one’s opinion. On the contrary to know about such an issue requires revelation. [see ‘Silsilah ad-Da’eefah, 5060 of Al-Albani]
2. The description for these prayers according to Abdullah ibn Masood رضي الله عنه is that they are prayed in four units without a Tasleem between them, which would have made them 2 then 2. Although the night prayers are done in units of 2 then 2, except for witr, here we have an authentic text that gives a description for these prayers, so we can act according to it.
The detail for this prayer as been given by Abdullah ibn Mas’ood رضي الله عنه thus:
مَنْ صَلَّى أَرْبَعًا بَعْدَ الْعِشَاءِ لاَ يَفْصِلُ بَيْنَهُنَّ بِتَسْلِيمٍ عُدِلْنَ بِمِثْلِهِنَّ مِنْ لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ
“Whoever prays four rakat after Isha without dividing between them with a tasleem, then they are equal to praying four during Laylatul Qadr.” [Musanaf ibn Abi Shaybah, 7275]
And Allaah knows best.
Translated by Abu Aaliyah Abdullah.