Deen is complete

بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آله وصحبه ومن تبع هداه وبعد

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Allaah سبحانه و تعالى Said in His Magnificent Book:

الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا

“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your Deen”  [Al-Maa’idah: 3

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The Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم explained everything which the ummah is in need of in all of its religious affairs and salvation; to such an extent that Abu Dharr al-Ghifari رضي الله عنهم said:

لقد تركنا محمد صلى الله عليه و سلم وما يحرك طائر جناحيه في السماء إلا أذكرنا منه علما  

“When the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم left us, there was not a bird flapping its wings in the sky except that he mentioned (to us some) knowledge regarding it.”

[Musnad Ahmad, 5/153 (#20853/#20927); Muasnad Ya’la, 5109; Tabarani and others – Mashhoor hadeeth, authenticated by al-Haythami in Majma’ az-Zawa’id, 8/263; Shu’ayb Arna’oout classed the hadeeth as hasan while stating the isnad to be da’eef, while Al-Albani classed it as ‘mursal hasan’]

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He صلى الله عليه وسلم also said:

ما تركت شيئا مما أمركم الله به إلا وقد أمرتكم به ولا تركت شيئا مما نهاكم الله عنه إلا وقد نهيتكم عنه

“I have not left anything that Allaah has Commanded you, except that I have commanded you with it; and I have not left something that Allaah forbids you, except that I forbid you from it.”

[Al Bayhaqi, 7/76 (#13221) and others; classed as hasan – see also Tabarani in ‘Mu’jam al-Kabeer’, 1647 and classed as saheeh in ‘Silsilat as-Saheehah’, 1803 ]

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1. Through the Sunnah, we find everything we need to know to get closer to our Rabb. Those who attempt to seek newly invented ways for this purpose need to be educated about the Deen and failure to rectify their belligerency would make them suseptible to being exposed; thus, the scholars of Islam saw refuting the people of innovation took precedence over refuting the Jews and Christians. The (evil) position of the Jews and Christians towards Muslims is open and clear, while the harm posed by the people of innovation is not clear to every person. [see Zajar al-Mutahawwin, p. 96]

2. Ibn al-Jawzi said: “Abul Fadl Al-Hamdaani said: ‘The innovators of Islam and the fabricators of hadeeth are more harmful than the atheists, because the atheists desire to corrupt the Religion from the outside, and these (innovators), they desire to corrupt it from within.They are like the people of a town who strive to corrupt it (from within), but the atheists are those who have surrounded it from the outside. So the ones who are inside open up the fortress, so they are more evil to Islam than those who do not wear the cloak of Islam.'” [Al-Mawdu’aat, 1/51]

3. Ibn Taymiyyah said: “The Imams of the Muslims like Malik, Hammad ibn Zayd, ath-Thawri and other would only speak in unison (i.e. stand united) with the legislation of the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم – which consists of guidance and healing. Whoever does not posses knowledge of the path of the previous Muslims would substitute that which they were upon with something else. And this is the reason for the appearance of innovation in every nation and the inevitable consequence of this is the disappearance of the Sunan of the Messengers amongst them; and this will result in destruction. That is why they used to say, “Holding fast to the Sunnah brings about salvation.”

4. Imam Al-Awzaa’i said:

اصبر نفسك على السنة وقف حيث وقف القوم وقل بما قالوا وكف عما كفوا عنه واسلك سبيل سلفك الصالح فإنه يسعك ما وسعهم… عليك بآثار من سلف ، وإن رفضك الناس . وإياك ورأي الرجال ، وإن زخرفوه بالقول . فإن الأمر ينجلي ، وأنت على طريق مستقيم

“Have patience upon the Sunnah and stop where the people (before you) stopped. Speak in (those matters in) which they spoke and hold back from what they held back. And tread upon the path of your Salafus-Saalih, for whatever sufficed them will suffice you… Stick to the Athaar man Salaf (narrations of those who have preceded), even if the people reject you. And beware of opinions of men, even if they beautify it for you with speech. So the affair is young and you are upon a Straight Path with regards to it.” [Related by Imam al-Laalikaa’i in his Sharh Usool al-I’tiqaad, 2/154-155 and al-Bayhaqi in ‘al-Madkhal’, 233]

He also said: “Knowledge is what comes from the As’haab (Companions) of Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم and that which does not come from a single one of them is not knowledge.” [Jaami’ Bayaan al-‘Ilm wa fadlihi, Hafidh Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr, 2/36]

5. Imam Az-Zuhri said:

كان من مضى من علمائنا يقولون الاعتصام بالسنة نجاة والعلم

“The People of Knowledge who came before us used to say: “Salvation lies in clinging to the Sunnah.” [Reported by al-Imaam al-Hafidh, Abu Muhammad, ‘Abdullaah bin ‘Abdir-Rahmaan ad-Daarimi in his Sunan, no. 96]

He also said: “The people of knowledge who came before us used to say, “Salvation lies in clinging to the Sunnah.” [ibid]

6. Imam Ash-Shaafi’i said: “All forms of knowledge besides the Qur’an are a Mushghilah (pre-occupation), except for the hadeeth and knowing the fiqh (jurisprudence) of the Deen, knowledge is that which contains, “Haddathanaa, akhbaranaa” … ‘(So and so narrated and informed us) And what is besides that are but whisperings of the Shayateen.” [Diwaan ash-Shaafi’i]

7. Imam Muhammad ibn Sireen said:

كانوا يرون انه على الطريق ما كان على الأثر

“They (the Sahabah and the Tabi’een) used to consider themselves upon the path (of truth) so long as they held onto the Athaar (the Prophetic narrations and those of the Sahabah).” [Al-Laalikaa’i in his Sharh ‘Usool al-I’tiqaad Ahl us-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah, no. 110]

He also said: “Indeed this ‘Ilm (knowledge) is the Deen (Religlion) so look and see from whom you are taking your religion.”

He also said: “They had not used to ask about the Isnad (chain of narration) but when the fitnah (civil war) broke out, they said: “Name to us your men. So as for Ahlus-Sunnah then their Ahaadeeth and Athaar were accepted, and as for Ahl al-bid’ah their narrations would not be accepted.”

8. Abdullah ibn Mubarak said: “Sufyaan said:

وجدت الأمر الاتباع

I found that the affair was ‘Ittibaa’ (i.e. following and imitating and implementing and submission to the narrations of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and his Sahabah).” [Al-Laalikaa’i in his Sharh ‘Usool al-I’tiqaad Ahl us-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah, no. 113]

In the introduction of Saheeh Muslim also, on the authority of ‘Abdaan who said: “I heard ‘Abdullaah Ibn al-Mubarak (d.181H) say: “The Isnad is part of the Deen. If it were not for the Isnad, then any person would have said (about Islam) whatever he wished.”

9. ‘Abdus Samad bin Hasaan said: “I heard Sufyaan At-Thawri say: “The isnaad is the weapon of the Believer, so if he does not have a weapon then what will he fight with?” [Siyar A’laam an-Nabula’, 7/229-279]

10. Imam Abu Muhammad al-Hasan al-Barbahaari said in his Sharh as-Sunnah: “Know that Islaam is the Sunnah and the Sunnah is Islaam and one of them cannot be established without the other…”

11. Muhammad ibn ‘Ali as-Suwari said, (in some lines on poetry):

“Say to the one who opposes the hadeeth and sets out to discredit its people and those who claim it, Are you saying that which you are saying is based upon knowledge, my son, or upon ignorance? For indeed ignorance is a character of the foolish. Does one discredit those who have protected the religion from falsehood and misrepresentation? And to their statements and to that which they narrated, returns every scholar and jurist.” [Sharaf As-haab al-Hadeeth, Khateeb al-Baghdaadi, p.142]

12. Abu Mazaahim al-Khaaqani said:

“Indeed, the people of rhetoric and people of opinion lack knowledge of hadeeth by which a man attains salvation. If they had known the Athaar, they would not have deviated from it to other than it, yet they are ignorant.” [Sharaf Ashaab al-Hadeeth, Khateeb al-Baghdaadi, p.143]

13. Shaadh bin Yahya said:

ليس طريق أقصد إلى الجنة من طريق من سلك الآثار

“There is no path (which is more straight and direct) in leading to Paradise than the path (of the one who travels) upon the Athaar.” [Al-Laalikaa’i in his Sharh ‘Usool al-I’tiqaad Ahl us-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah, no. 88]

14. Ash-Shu’bah bin Hajjaaj said: “Every hadeeth that does not have “haddathanaa or akhbaranaa” (Literally “he reported to us” or “he informed us”) then it is herbs and vinegar (meaning they are nothing).”

15. Muhammad bin ‘Abd al-Maalik al-Karjee said: “And knowledge is what contains “qaala haddathanaa” and everything else is error and darkness; the supports of the Deen are the clear Ayaat; the statement of Allaah and the statement of al-Mustafaa’ صلى الله عليه وسلم are a subjugation and compulsion for every innovator.” [Tabaqaat fuqahaa ash-Shaafi’iyyah of Ibn as-Salaah]

16. Abu Muhammad Ibn Qudaamah Al-Maqdisi said (in his article on the excellence of Hadeeth and its People): “Ahl al-Hadeeth (People of Hadeeth), they are Ahl an-Nabee صلى الله عليه وسلم – although they didn’t accompany him in person, they accompanied with his every movement and exhalations.”

17. What do we mean when we say ‘All acts of ibadah are Tawqeefi‘?

 

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