بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آله وصحبه ومن تبع هداه وبعد
The Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
إن مطعم ابن آدم قد ضرب مثلا للدنيا و إن قزحه و ملحه فانظر إلى ما يصير
“The food of son of Adam strikes a parable of the dunya (worldly life); and from what comes out of son of Adam (as waste).” (i.e. after he has prepared and seasoned the food to make it taste good, look at what it ends up as).
[Saheeh Ibn Hibban, 2489; Mu’jam al-Kabeer, 1/27; Bayhaqi, 1/47; Zawa’id al-Musnad, 5/136 and others – classed as hasan in ‘Silsilah as-Saheehah’, 1/661 (see ‘Saheeh al-Jaami’, 2195)]
Ibn Mas’ood رضي الله عنه said (as reported in marfu’ form):
اقتربت الساعة , و لا يزداد الناس على الدنيا إلا حرصا , و لا يزدادون من الله إلا بعدا
“The Hour has drawn close. And the people increase (only) in craving for the world. And they do not increase except in distance from Allaah.”
[Mustadrak Al-Hakim, 4/324; Mu’jam al-Kabeer, 9787;Ad-Dawlabi, ‘Kuna’, 1/155 and others – graded as saheeh in ‘Silsilah as-Saheehah’, 1510]
In his magnificent sharh (explanation) of ‘Riyadh-us-Saliheen’, chapter 10, ‘Hastening to do Good Deeds’ (hadeeth no. 92) – Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen رحمه الله تعالى said:
“The more people increase in comfort and luxury and the more they open up before the people (with the dunya), the more evils will open up before them. It is comfort and luxury that destroys a person, because if a person was to concern himself with comfort and luxury and providing enjoyment to his body, he will become negligent of providing enjoyment to his heart, and his greatest worry will become providing enjoyment to this body that is doomed to become worms and rotten.
This is the ordeal, and this is what has harmed people today. You can hardly find anyone except that they say: “What is our palace (house)? What is our car? What is our furniture? What is our food?” Even those who study (Islamic) knowledge, some of them only study in order to gain rank or status to reach the blessings of the dunya. As if man was not created for a significant purpose. The dunya and its blessings are only a means, nothing more. We ask Allaah to make us and you use it as a means.
Ibn Taymiyyah said: “A person should use money as he uses a donkey to ride, and as he uses the toilet to relieve himself.”
These are the ones who know money and its value. So do not make money your greatest worry, rather ride on money, for if you do not ride on it, it will ride on you, and your worry will become the dunya.
For this, we say, that the more the dunya opens up before the people, and they end up concerning themselves with it, they will lose as much of the akhirah as they have gained from the dunya. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “By Allaah, I am not afraid of your poverty,” meaning I am not afraid of poverty for you, for the dunya will open up before you, “but I am afraid that you will lead a life of luxury as past nations did, whereupon you will compete with each other for it, as they competed for it, and it will destroy you as it destroyed them.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
The Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم spoke the truth. This is what has destroyed the people today. What has destroyed the people today, is their competing with one another for the dunya, and them being as if they were only created for it, and not it created for them. So they have preoccupied themselves with what was created for them over what they were created for. This is backwardness. We ask Allaah for protection.”
Ibn Uthaymeen’s complete sharh of ‘Riyadh-us-Saliheen’ can be downloaded here
Audio sharh also available here
Khalid ibn ‘Umayr Al-Adawi narrated that:
خطبنا عتبة بن غزوان . فحمد الله وأثنى عليه ثم قال : أما بعد . فإن الدنيا قد آذنت بصرم وولت حذاء . ولم يبقى منها إلا صبابة كصبابة الإناء . يتصابها صاحبها . وإنكم منتقلون منها إلى دار لا زوال لها فانتقلوا بخير ما بحضرتكم . فإنه قد ذكر لنا أن الحجر يلقى من شفة جهنم . فيهوي فيها سبعين عاما لا يدرك لها قعر . ووالله ! لتملأن . أفعجبتم ؟ ولقد ذكر لنا أن ما بين مصراعين من مصاريع الجنة مسيرة أربعين سنة . وليأتين عليها يوم وهو كظيظ من الزحام . ولقد رأيتني سابع سبعة مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم . ما لنا طعام إلا ورق الشجر . حتى تقرحت أشداقنا . فالتقطت بردة فشققتها بيني وبين سعد بن مالك . فاتزرت بنصفها واتزر سعد بنصفها . فما أصبح اليوم منا أحد إلا أصبح أميرا على مصر من الأمصار . وإني أعوذ بالله أن أكون في نفسي عظيما وعند الله صغيرا . وإنها لم تكن نبوة قط إلا تناسخت ، حتى يكون آخر عاقبتها ملكا . فستخبرون وتجربون الأمراء بعدنا
‘Utbah ibn Ghazwan رضي الله عنهما once delivered a khutbah. He praised Allaah, and then said:
“The life of this world has announced its departure and is quickly turning away, and nothing remains of it save the likes of the last drop of water in a vessel as its possessor tries to catch it. You are moving on to an abode that has no end, so move on with the best (of deeds) that you have. For it has been said to us that a rock can be dropped from the edge of Hell and fall for seventy years without reaching the bottom. Yet, by Allaah, it will be filled. Do you not then wonder? And it has been said to us that a single entrance to Paradise is as wide as a journey of forty years, yet there will come a day when it will be crowded. I have seen myself as the seventh of seven (of) Allaah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم; we had no food save the leaves of trees which put sores round our mouths. I once got a cloak which I tore in half to share with Sa’d ibn Malik: I used half as my waist-wrap and he used the other. And yet today, there is not one of us except he has become a governor over some city – and I seek refuge with Allaah that I consider myself great and important when I am small in front of Allaah. Verily there was never Prophethood except that it gradually changed until it ended up being a kingship, and verily you will see what the governors after us are like.” [Saheeh Muslim, 2967]
Jundub ibn Abdillah Al-Bajali (may Allaah be pleased with him) was once asked for advice, so he said:
“I advise you to fear Allaah and obey Him (have taqwa) and I advise you to adhere to the Qur’an, for it is a light in the dark night and a guidance during the day, so implement it no matter how much struggle and poverty you have to face. If a calamity befalls you, put your wealth forward to protect your religion, and if the calamity continues, put forward your wealth and your life to save your religion [but never risk your religion] – for the ruined is he whose religion is ruined, and the looted is he whose religion is taken. And know that there is no poverty after Paradise, and no riches after the Fire.” [Al-Dhahabi, Siyar A’lam Al-Nubala’ 3:174]
Imam Ibn Hibban said in his ‘Rawdaat al-Uqlaa‘ (Chapter on Dunya: An Overflowing Sea):
“The intelligent person must never be deluded by this world and its dazzles, its beauty and splendours, such that he occupies himself with it as opposed to occupying himself with the eternal Hereafter and the everlasting delight (of Paradise). Rather, he should place the world where Allah has placed it because its end will no doubt perish. Its civilizations shall become ruins, its inhabitants shall die, its magnificence will depart and its greenery will be destroyed. There will remain no arrogant leader in command and no poor and humiliated one, except that the glass of death shall pass over them.
Then they will depart to the dust where they will become worn out until they return to what they were in the beginning; ruins (i.e. dust). Then the Knower of the Unseen (Allah) shall inherit the earth and all that is upon it. Thus the intelligent one never places his reliance on a home of this description and he cannot find tranquillity in a world like this – for indeed what lies in store for him is that which no eye has seen, no ear has heard and has never occurred to the human mind. So he holds back by abandoning this small and diminutive world and instead takes pleasure in that superior and abundant world.”
May Allaah make us from those who understand the reality of the Dunya.