of musk and blood

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آله وصحبه، أما بعـد
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The Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم said:

 والذي نفسي بيده لخلوف فم الصائم أطيب عند الله من رائحة المسك

“By the One in Whose Hand my soul is, the breath of the fasting person is better with Allaah than the smell of musk.”

[Saheeh al-Bukhari, 5583 and Muslim, 1151]

.

Ibn Hajar رحمه الله تعالى commented on this in his ‘Fath al-Baari’ (4/106) thus:

أن الخلوف أعظم من دم الشهادة لأن دم الشهيد شبه ريحه بريح المسك، والخلوف وصف بأنه أطيب، ولا يلزم من ذلك أن يكون الصيام أفضل من الشهادة لما لا يخفى

“(What can be understood) is that the breath (of a fasting person) is better than the blood of a martyr. This is because the blood of the martyr was likened to the smell of musk* while the breath (of a fasting person) was described as being even better than the smell of musk. And this (obviously) does not mean that fasting is better than shahadah…”

[* This hadeeth is found in Bukhari and others; the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said:

ما من مكلوم يكلم في سبيل الله إلا جاء يوم القيامة وكلمه يدمى اللون لون دم والريح ريح مسك

“(There is) none who is wounded in the Cause of Allaah, but will come on the Day of Qiyaamah with his wound bleeding. The colour (that will come out of the wound) will be the colour of blood, and its smell will be of musk.”]

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He (Ibn Hajar) then continues with a (plausible) reason for this by looking at the origin (and context) of both, thus:

ولعل سبب ذلك النظر إلى أصل كل منهما فإن أصل الخلوف طاهر وأصل الدم بخلافه فكان ما أصله طاهر أطيب ريحا. قوله: “يترك طعامه وشرابه وشهوته من أجلي” هكذا وقع هنا، ووقع في الموطأ “وإنما يذر شهوته الخ” ولم يصرح بنسبته إلى الله للعلم به وعدم الإشكال فيه.

.

And Allaah knows best

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