دخن – obsecured or tainted

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آله وصحبه، أما بعـد

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Hudayfah ibn Yaman رضي الله عنه narrated:

كان الناس يسألون رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عن الخير وكنت أسأله عن الشر مخافة أن يدركني فقلت : يارسول الله : إنا كنا في جاهلية وشر فجاءنا الله بهذا الخير فهل بعد هذا الخير من شر قال : نعم ، قلت : فهل من بعد ذلك الشر من خير، قال: نعم وفيه دخن قلت : وما دخنه قال : قوم يستنون بغير سنتي ويهدون بغير هدي تعرف منهم وتنكر فقلت : هل بعد ذلك الخير من شر قال : نعم دعاة على أبواب جهنم من أجابهم إليها قذفوه فيها فقلت : صفهم لنا يا رسول الله ؟ قال : نعم قوم من جلدتنا ويتكلمون بألسنتنا قلت : فما تأمرني إن أدركني ذلك قال : تلزم جماعة المسلمين وإمامهم فقلت : فإن لم يكن لهم جماعة ولا إمام قال : فاعتزل تلك الفرق كلها ولو أن تعض على أصل شجرة حتى يدركك الموت وأنت على ذلك

“People used to ask the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم about good, but I used to ask him about evil for fear that it might overtake me. Once I said, “O Messenger of Allaah, we were in ignorance and in evil and Allaah bestowed upon us this (present) good; will there be any evil after this good?” He said, “Yes.” I asked, “Will there be good after that evil?” He said, “Yes, but it would be Dakhan (i.e. tainted with small amount of evil).” I asked, “What will this Dakhan be?” He said, “Some people (will come) who will not lead according to my Sunnah and not guide according to my guidance. [in another narration with the addition: “you will see good (in them) and (yet) disapprove (of their evil)”] I said, “Will there by any evil after that good?” He said, “Yes, there will (people) inviting (others) to the doors of Hell, and (whoever accepts their invitation) will be thrown in it.” I said, “O Allaah’s Messenger, describe them to us.” He said, “They will be of our own people and speak our language” I asked, “What do you order me to do (if I reach that time in my life)?” He said, “Stick (adhere) to the group of Muslims and their leader.” I asked, “(What) if there is neither a group (of Muslims) nor a leader?” He said, “(Then) keep away from all those (different) groups/sects, even if you have to bite (i.e. eat) the root of a tree, until death comes to you in that state.”

[Saheeh al-Bukhari, 3411; Muslim, 1847; Abu Da’wud and others with slight variation]

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1. This is from amongst the well-known and profound narrations related to fitan. It contains vast amount of guidance of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم regarding a Muslims obligation in recognising fitan and keeping away from it.

2. From the benefits and remedies of the ills which the Ummah has fallen into; we understand (from amongst many):

– The Sahabah’s continual fears and efforts to safeguard their Deen, while today’s Ummah lacks concern for knowledge and disregard for seeking the khayr and avoiding the sharr related to their Deen.

– The reality of ‘dakhan’ in our times, where each person and group is calling to their invented and bankrupt principles. Appealing to emotions and inviting to the Fire with their eloquent speech, with no regard or respect for the Sunnah and methodology of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and his As-haab.

–  The obligation to remain with the Jama’ah and its leader where possible. This is an explicit point of refutation for the khawarij cult and their call for breaking away from the Jama’ah (i.e. Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama’ah) and legitimising bloodshed and rebellion against Muslims and Muslim rulers.

– To avoid all sectarian partisanship and remain aloof from their tribulations, without taking sides or being involved.

3. Ibn Hajar commented on this hadeeth in his ‘Fath al-Baari’ (#6673) thus: Fath al-Baari, 6673

4. Short sharh available here

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5. Regarding the statement: “They will belong to us and speak our language” – Shaykh al-Allaamah, Salih al Fawzaan حفظه الله تعالى said:

“This is Calamity! Indeed, they are close to us. They are from our community and country. Had they been foreigners, had they been from America or other than it, then the affair would have been easy. However, the problem is that they are the son/s of so and so, and it may be that they say, ”I am a scholar, and I have with me shahaadaat ilmiyyah and I am…and I am…

They are from us, and they speak with our tongue. They possess eloquence. When they write or deliver a speech, or a lecture, they speak with our tongue just as Allaah said concerning the hypocrites:

”And when they speak, you listen to their words” [Al-Munafiqoon: 4]

They possess eloquence that grabs the attention of the listener. The listener listens to them because of their eloquent speech. The Prophet (sallal-laahu alayhi wasallam) said: ”Indeed some eloquent speech has the influence of magic” (e.g., some people refuse to do something and then a good eloquent speaker addresses them and then they agree to do that very thing after his speech). [Bukhari, 7/5146]

They speak with our tongue. And had they spoken with a foreign language or the language of the Persians, there would not have been inclination towards them. However, the problem is that when they speak with eloquent speech/good style of speech, the people are lured towards them. This is from the height of fitnah.”

[‘Sharh Hadeeth inna kunna fi jaahiliyyatin’, p. 35-36]

Full video lecture can be found here

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And Allaah’s Help is sought in rectifying the affairs of the Ummah.

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