بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آله وصحبه، أما بعـد
The Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
عجبا لأمر المؤمن لا يقضي الله له قضاء إلا كان خيرا له : إن أصابته ضراء صبر فكان خيرا له ، وإن أصابته سراء شكر فكان خيرا له
“Amazing is the affair of the believer, for all his affair (destined by Allaah) is good. If something good happens to him, he is thankful for it and that is good for him. If something of harm befalls him, he bears it with patience and that is good for him.” [Saheeh Muslim, 2999]
1. Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri رضي الله عنه reported that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “No one is given a better and more abundant gift than patience.” [Al-Bukhari, 548]
2. Allaah Says:
الَّذِينَ إِذَآ أَصَـبَتْهُم مُّصِيبَةٌ قَالُواْ إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّـآ إِلَيْهِ رَجِعونَ
“Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: “Truly, to Allaah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return.” [Al-Baqarah, 156]
Ibn Katheer writes: “…those who recite this statement to comfort themselves in the face of their loss, know that they belong to Allaah and that He does what He wills with His servants. They also know that nothing and no deed, even if it was the weight of an atom, will be lost with Allaah on the Day of Resurrection. These facts thus compel them to admit that they are Allaah’s servants and that their return will be to Him in the Hereafter.”
3. Ibn Qayyim writes in his ‘Waabil as-Sayyib’ that the servant does not go outside of the fluctuation between the following three states:
– One of them is the state of (receiving a) blessing. It’s obligatory upon him (the believer) in this state (to display) the gratitude.
– The second: is the state (of being) tested. It is obligatory upon him (the believer) in this state (to observe) the patience.
– The third: is the state (of committing) a sin. It is obligatory upon him (the believer) in this state to seek the forgiveness from it (the sin).
4. Ibn Uthaymeen said in his ‘Fatawa Arkan-ul-Islam’: “So, he considers this burden heavy, yet he bears it, even though he hates that it should occur, and his faith protects him from discontent. So, its occurring or not occurring are not the same to him. This is an obligation, because Allaah, the Most High has commanded him to be patient, saying:
وَاصْبِرُواْ إِنَّ اللّهَ مَعَ الصَّابِرِينَ
“and be patient. Surely, Allaah is with those who are As-Sabirun (the patient).” [Al-Anfal:46]
5. Ibn Katheer also writes in his tafseer (of 2:45): “…He (Allaah) ordained patience and prayer. It is a fact that the servant is either enjoying a bounty that he should be thankful for, or suffering a calamity that he should meet with patience… Allaah has stated that the best tools to help ease the effects of the afflictions are patience and prayer.”
6. Hasan al-Basri said: “Do not detest the misfortunes that befall you, for what you detest may be the cause of your salvation and what you like, may be the cause of your ruin.”
7. The poet says:
اصبر قليلا وكن بالله معتصما *** لا تعجلن فإن العجز بالعجل
الصبر مثل اسمه في كل نائبة *** لكن عواقبه أحلى من العسل
“Show a little patience for Allaah and refrain from sin ***
Do not be hasty like (one) deficient.
Patience is like its name, its taste is bitter ***
But the results of it are sweeter than honey.”
7. Read here for: The believer’s attitude towards calamities
8. A nice khutbah on Patience in Calamities by sh. Abd al-Muhsin al-Qadi.
May Allaah make us amongst the sabiroon whom He loves.