Sleeping upon Purity

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آله وصحبه، أما بعـد

 

عن البراء بن عازب، قال قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ إذا أتيت مضجعك فتوضأ وضوءك للصلاة، ثم اضطجع على شقك الأيمن، ثم قل اللهم أسلمت وجهي إليك، وفوضت أمري إليك، وألجأت ظهري إليك، رغبة ورهبة إليك، لا ملجأ ولا منجا منك إلا إليك، اللهم آمنت بكتابك الذي أنزلت، وبنبيك الذي أرسلت‏.‏ فإن مت من ليلتك فأنت على الفطرة، واجعلهن آخر ما تتكلم به ‏”‏‏.‏ قال فرددتها على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فلما بلغت ‏”‏ اللهم آمنت بكتابك الذي أنزلت ‏”‏‏.‏ قلت ورسولك‏.‏ قال ‏”‏ لا، ونبيك الذي أرسلت ‏”

Sa’d ibn ‘Ubayd رضي الله عنهما said that al-Bara’ ibn ‘Azib رضي الله عنهما related to him, “The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم told me, ‘Whenever you go to bed, perform wudu’ as you do wudu’ for the salah and then lie down on your right side. Then say, “Allahumma aslamtu wajhi ilaika, wa fauwadtu amri ilaika, wa alja’tu Zahri ilaika raghbatan wa rahbatan ilaika. La Malja’ wa la manja minka illa ilaika. Allahumma amantu bikitabika-l-ladhi anzalta wa bina-biyika-l ladhi arsalta” (“O Allaah, I have surrendered myself to You, entrusted my affair to You and relied on You in hope and fear of You. There is no refuge nor rescue from You except in You. O Allah, I have believed in Your Book which You sent down and in Your Prophet whom You sent”). If you die that night, then you will be in a state of fitrah (i.e. Islam). Make that the last of the words that you utter.’ I repeated this and when I reached,”Allahumma amantu bikitabika-l-ladhi anzalta (O Allah I believe in Your Book which You have revealed).” I said, “Wa-rasoolika (and your Messenger).” The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “No, (but say): ‘Wa-Nabiyikal-ladhi arsalta (Your Prophet whom You have sent), instead.”

[Sahee al-Bukhari, 247 / 5952; Saheeh Muslim, 2710 (with similar wording)]

 

1. ‘Umar رضي الله عنهما said that the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Whoever spends the night in a state of purity, spends the night with an angel close to him. He does not wake up without the angel saying to him, ‘Oh Allaah forgive Your slave so-and-so, he has spent the night in a state of purity.'” [Ibn Hibban collected it in his Saheeh; Al-Mundhiri mentioned it in at-Targhib wa’t-Tarhib – classed saheeh by Al-Albani in ‘Saheeh At-Targheeb wa At-Tarheeb’ 1/317]

2. Ibn Abbas رضي الله عنهما and his father said that the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Purify these bodies of yours and Allaah will purify you. There is no slave who spends the night in a state of purity but that an angel remains close to him. He does not pass an hour of the night without saying, ‘Oh Allaah forgive Your slave. He spent the night in a state of purity.'” [At-Tabarani related in Al-Awsat; and al-Mundhiri said it’s isnad is good]

3. Ibn Hajar said in Fath al-Baari; “The apparent meaning is that it is mustahabb (highly recommended) for anyone who wants to go to sleep, to renew his wudu’, even if he already has wudu” – It may be interpreted as applying only to the one who has broken his wudu’.

4. Al-Nawawi said in his sharf of Saheeh Muslim: “If a person has wudu’, that is sufficient for him, because the point is to go to sleep having wudu’, lest he die in his sleep, and so that his dreams may be more true, and so that the Shaytan will be less likely to play with his dreams and terrify him.”

5. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Only the believer maintains himself in the state of wudu (i.e. purity).” [Ibn Maajah and others; with an authentic isnad; taken from “Sharhu Sunnan An-Nisaa’i (vol 3/176) of shaykh Muhammad Adam Al-Ethiopee]

 

And Allaah alone is the source of guidance.

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