Intent of ‘Fitan’

بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آله وصحبه ومن تبع هداه وبعد

“What is the intent with “Fitan”?

Shaykh Salih al-Fawzan حفظه الله تعالى was asked:

ما المراد بالفتن‏؟‏ وما موقف المسلم منها مع بيان الفتن التي يجب عدم الخوض فيها والفتن التي تجب مواجهتها‏؟

“What is the intent with “Fitan”? And what is the attitude of the Muslim regarding it, with a clarification of the type of fitan that makes it obligatory for the Muslim to not indulge in debate about, and the Fitan that we should observe?”

The Shaykh replied:

جمع فتنة، والمراد بالفتنة‏:‏ الابتلاء والامتحان، كفتنة المال والولد، والفتن على نوعين‏:‏ فتن شبهات، وفتن شهوات، ففتن الشبهات، هي‏:‏ العقائد الفاسدة والبدع والشكوك والأوهام، وفتن الشهوات‏:‏ كفتنة المال والولد، وفتنة الزنا، والسرقة، وشرب المسكر – إلى غير ذلك – وموقف المسلم من الفتن جميعها أن يستعيذ بالله من شرها، وأن ينكر على مروجيها ويجاهدهم، ويسعى في إبعادها عن نفسه وعن إخوانه المسلمين، ويبطل شبهات الدعاة إلى الفتن‏.‏

“Fitan is the plural of Fitnah, and the intent of Fitnah is Ibtilaa (trials) and Imtihaan (testing), such as the Fitnah of children and wealth – Fitnah is of two types: Fitan of doubts, and Fitan of desires. The Fitan of doubts are: corrupt beliefs, innovations, doubts, and illusions. The Fitan of desires are: the Fitan of wealth, children, fornication, stealing, drinking alcohol, and other than that. The position of the Muslim in the all of the Fitan is to seek refuge with Allaah from its evil, and to denounce the ones who promote them and strive against them and to rush to getting it far away from him and his Muslim brothers, and falsify the doubts of the callers to the fitan.”

Source:

Fatawa Shaykh Saleh al-Fawzaan, vol 2. no. 78
http://www.almeshkat.net/books/open.php?cat=15&book=969

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