بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله رب العالمين وصلى الله وسلم على رسول الله وعلى آله وأصحابه ومن اهتدى بهديه إلى يوم الدين أما بعد
Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas رضي الله عنه narrated that he heard Allaah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم say:
إن قلوب بني آدم كلها بين أصبعين من أصابع الرحمن كقلب واحد يصرفه حيث شاء ثم قال :
اللهم مصرف القلوب صرف قلوبنا على طاعتك
“Verily, the hearts of the sons of Adam are between the two Fingers (from) the Fingers of Ar-Rahman as one heart. He turns it to any (direction) He Wills. Then Allaahs Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said (the following du’a): ‘O Allaah, the Turner of the hearts, turn our hearts to Thy obedience’.” [Saheeh Muslim, 2654]
1. In the hadeeth of Umm Salamah رضّى الله عنها on the authority of Shihr who said: “I asked Umm Salamah, ‘O Mother of the Believers, what is the du’a which the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم would supplicate the most while in your presence?’ So she said: ‘The frequent supplication of his was: يَا مُقَلِّبَ الْقُلُوبِ ثَبِّتْ قَلْبِي عَلَى دِينِكَ – “O Turner of the hearts, set our hearts to Your obedience.” [Musannaf ibn abi Shaybah, 9/4200]
2. Anas رضي الله عنه said: The Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم often used to say: “O Turner of the hearts, make my heart steadfast in adhering to Your Deen.” [At-Tirmidhi, 2140 and Ibn Maajah, 3834 – saheeh]
3. Imam Ahmad also reported in his Musnad, the hadeeth of ‘A’ishah رضّى الله عنها: “The Du’a which the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم used to supplicate often…” (then she mentioned as above) – See Silsilah as-Saheeha, 2091
4. This du’a of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم is from amongst the special du’as that he صلى الله عليه وسلم taught us and recommended us to be recited often. It is an acknowledgement that man is indeed at the Mercy of his Rabb سبحانه و تعالى – It is He alone who turns the hearts from one state (of being) to another state. It is from our most necessary needs to constantly seek His Help in preserving our hearts towards His obedience and guidance.
5. Ibn Hajr said in his ‘Fath al-Bari’ about the turning of the heart, that: “The heart of the slave of Allaah is (concerned) between emaan and kufr and vice versa.” – Al-Mubarkafuri said in his ‘Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi’ that: “The heart is inclined to obedience and sometimes (is inclined) to sin; and is sometimes cautious and sometimes negligent.”
6. Al-Baydawi made an interesting comment on this matter in his tafseer thus:
في نسبة تقلب القلوب إلى الله إشعار بأنه يتولى قلوب عباده ولا يكلها إلى أحد من خلقه ، وفي دعائه صلى الله عليه وسلم يا مقلب القلوب ثبت قلبي على دينك إشارة إلى شمول ذلك للعباد حتى الأنبياء ورفع توهم من يتوهم أنهم يستثنون من ذلك ، وخص نفسه بالذكر إعلاما بأن نفسه الزكية إذا كانت مفتقرة إلى أن تلجأ إلى الله سبحانه فافتقار غيرها ممن هو دونه أحق بذلك
7. A man’s position in life is never constant. He may be upon guidance one day and upon misguidance the next. He may start life upon Islam, yet end upon kufr… How many a people have there been who were known for their knowledge and piety and preaching; when a fitnah occurred and they were tested by Allaah, they forsook their guidance and thus they fell – May Allaah protect us all from fitan, Ameen.
8. Our committed to our Deen may inevitably bring with it, trials and tribulations that will severely test our resolve. The decisions we make and the path we choose is of our own making; sincerity to Allaah and commitment to His Deen in times of difficulties (and ease) will be rewarded. Acting contrary to this is liable to (us) being cut off from His Mercy and guidance.
9. We are taught to constantly beseech Allaah not to let us stray after He has guided us:
رَبَّنَا لَا تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا وَهَبْ لَنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْوَهَّابُ
Aal ‘Imraan, 8 (Read also Ibraaheem, 27)
10. A short explanation of the above hadeeth can be found here
11. Sh. Khalid ibn Abdullah al-Muslih حفظه الله تعالى provides a beautiful perspective to the causes and means for keeping firm in obedience to Allaah. Read here: Khutbah – Al-Muslih
May Allaah keep our hearts firm in obedience to Him.