بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله رب العالمين وصلى الله وسلم على رسول الله وعلى آله وأصحابه ومن اهتدى بهديه إلى يوم الدين أما بعد
حُذَيْفَةَ قَالَ : كَانَ النَّبِىُّ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- إِذَا حَزَبَهُ أَمْرٌ صَلَّى
Hudhayfah رضي الله عنهما said: “Whenever the matter became serious the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم would pray.”
[Abu Da’wud, 1319, Ahmad and others; classed as hasan by Ibn Hajar]
1. Al-Manaawi commented on this hadeeth and wrote that the words: “Whenever the matter became serious” means; if the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم was attacked by surprise, on the verge of being subdued or an important matter aroused which caused him to worry or feel sad.”
“He صلى الله عليه وسلم would pray” means; He would pray because prayer helps against the removal of all heavy blows, disasters and misfortunes. Through prayer one is seeking the assistance of the Creator who allowed it to happen. Prayer is a means to draw nearer to Allaah and whoever resorts to prayer to his Lord, will be protected and removed from evil.” [Fayd al-Qadeer, no. 6641]
2. Al-Mulla Ali Qari said: “The meaning for this Hadeeth is derived from the ayah “Seek help in patience and prayer” (Al-Baqarah: 45). [Sharh Musnad Abu Haneefah, p. 342 (Darul Kutub al-Ilmeeyah, Beirut)]
3. Ibn Juray said (commenting on 2:45) “…these (patience and prayer) help towards (gaining) Allaah’ Mercy.” [Jami’ al-Bayan fi Tafseer al-Qur’an, Tabari]
4. Ibn Katheer writes in his Tafseer of Surah al-Baqarah, 153-154:
It is mentioned in the Hadeeth that “Whenever something happened to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, he would pray”. There are two types of patience: The first is restraint from committing sins and the second type is showing obedience to Allaah سبحانه و تعالى and making sacrifices. The latter is the most rewarding because it is the purpose. There is a third type of patience, it is the endurance of disasters and crises and includes seeking Allaah’s forgiveness from mistakes. Ali ibn Al Hussain (Zayn al-Abideen) said: “When Allaah سبحانه و تعالى gathers people from the first generations and people from the later generations, an announcer will announce: ‘Where are the patient people, so that they will enter Paradise before trial?’” This is supported by Allaah’s Statement “Only those who are patient will receive their rewards in full without reckoning.” (39:10)
Sa`eed ibn Jubayr said “Patience is the servant’s appreciation of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى for a disaster that has happened to him, considering it as a sacrifice in anticipation of Allaah’s reward in the Hereafter, and a man may be suffering a great deal but does not show his feelings. Instead, all you can see from him is endurance.
5. Muhammad ibn Salih al-Uthaymeen commented on this matter in his Tafseer of Surat al-Baqarah and wrote: “The excellence of prayer is that it’s one of the things a person can seek assistance in for all matters and worldly affairs. Allaah mentioned prayer and we believe with certainty that this speech is the truth. It’s been reported that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم would pray whenever the matter became serious. Also this is supported by the Prophet’s action during the Battle of Badr. He prayed in the shade and appealed to his Lord for help.” [Tafseer al-Quran al-Kareem (al-Faatihah/Baqarah), vol. 1, pg. 163-164]
And Tawfeeq is from Allaah سبحانه و تعالى alone.