but ignorant of the Akhirah

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله رب العالمين وصلى الله وسلم على رسول الله وعلى آله وأصحابه ومن اهتدى بهديه إلى يوم الدين أما بعد

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Allaah سبحانه و تعالى Says in the Noble Qur’an:

يَعْلَمُونَ ظَاهِرًا مِّنَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَهُمْ عَنِ الْآخِرَةِ هُمْ غَافِلُونَ

“They know but the outer appearance of the life of this world (i.e. matters of their livelihood), and of the hereafter they are heedless.” [Ar-Rūm: 7]

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1. Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنهم narrated that the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

إن الله تعالى يبغض كل عالم بالدنيا، جاهل بالآخرة

“Verily, Allaah the Exalted abhors those who are knowledgeable of the life of this world, but ignorant of the Hereafter.” [‘Jaami’ as-Sagheer’, 1856; classed as hasan by Suyooti – also see ‘Jaami’ as-Saheeh’, 1879]

2. Islam is a complete and comprehensive Deen, which combines the rights of Allaah and the rights of people; and explains matters of this world and of the Hereafter. It is a Deen of perfection in moderation and a Muslim works to strike the right balance between his dunya and akhirah. One who is a specialist in his given field/s and yet remains ignorant of his Deen (and his responsibilities towards it), this is “abhorrent”. Attaining (and heeding) knowledge of one at the expense of the other is blameworthy; rather we give each it’s due right.

3. Al-Manawi gave a distinct explanation of this hadeeth in his ‘Fayd al-Qadeer’ thus:

إن الله تعالى يبغض كل عالم بالدنيا أي بما يبعده عن الله من الإمعان في تحصيلها  .  جاهل بالآخرة أي بما يقربه إليها وبدنيه منها لأن العلم شرف لازم لا يزول دائم لا يمل ومن قدر على الشريف الباقي أبد الآباد ورضي بالخسيس الفاني في أمد الآماد فجدير بأن يبغض لشقاوته وإدباره ولو لم يكن من شرف العلم إلا أنه لا يمتد إليه أيدي السراق بالأخذ ولا أيدي السلاطين بالعزل لكفى فكيف وهو بشرطه المتكفل بسعادة الدارين…

4. Regarding the ayah: وَمَن كَانَ يُرِيدُ حَرْثَ الدُّنْيَا نُؤْتِهِ مِنْهَا وَمَا لَهُ فِى الاٌّخِرَةِ مِن نَّصِيبٍ “…and whosoever desires the reward of this world, We give him thereof, and he has no portion in the Hereafter” – Ibn Katheer writes that this means: “whoever strives for the purpose of worldly gains, and never pays any heed to the Hereafter at all, Allaah will deny him the Hereafter; and in this world, if He wills He will give to him and if He does not will, he will gain neither. So the one who strives with this intention in mind will have the worst deal in this world and in the Hereafter. The evidence for that is the fact that this ayah is reinforced by the passage (of Al-Isra’: 18)…” [Tafseer ibn Katheer, Ash-Soora – (see also: Tafseer at-Tabari, 15/264)]

5. Mujaahid said concerning Allaah’s Words: وَلَا تَنسَ نَصِيبَكَ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا “…and forget not your portion (of lawful enjoyment) in this world” [Al-Qasas: 77] – “Your (current) life is for the purpose of performing deeds in it for your next life.” [‘Iqtidaa al-‘ilm al-Amal’ (knowledge mandates action), Khateeb al-Baghdadi]

6. The good of this world includes those things which will lead to success in the Hereafter. Hasan al-Basri said: “The good of this world is knowledge and worship, and the good of the hereafter is Paradise.” [Al-Ajurri, ‘Akhlaq al-’Ulama’, 30]

The prohibition in becoming preoccupied with dunya is when it distracts or prevents one from ‘ibadah and focusing on matters of the Hereafter [see ‘Fath al-Baari’, 5/4; and ‘Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi’, 6/511] –  Our priorities should be geared towards our Creator and the eternal abode to come. As Allaah Says:

رِجَالٌ لَّا تُلْهِيهِمْ تِجَارَةٌ وَلَا بَيْعٌ عَن ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَإِقَامِ الصَّلَاةِ وَإِيتَاءِ الزَّكَاةِ ۙ يَخَافُونَ يَوْمًا تَتَقَلَّبُ فِيهِ الْقُلُوبُ وَالْأَبْصَارُ

“Men whom neither trade nor sale (i.e. business) diverts from the Remembrance of Allaah, nor from performing Salaat, nor from giving the Zakat. They fear a Day when hearts and eyes will be overturned (out of the horror of the torment of the Day of Resurrection).” [An-Noor:37]

7. In part of his wasiyyah to Kumayl ibn Ziyad, ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib said: “…And Indeed the utmost good is for the one whom Allaah grants understanding of His Deen. And it is enough ignorance for a person that he does not know his Deen…” [‘Hilyatul-Awliyaa’, 1/79-80]

8. Abul Hasan Shabwayhi said: “Whoever wants knowledge about the grave (i.e. akhirah) then he should adhere to the narrations (of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and the Salaf), and whoever wants knowledge of bread (i.e. livelihood) then he should adhere to opinions (of men).” [‘Tadreeb ar-Rawee’, 2/565]

9. We constantly beseech Allaah سبحانه و تعالى to provide us with the best (of means) in this life, with the hope of getting the best in the Hereafter:

رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ

And striving for worldly purposes does not contradict striving for the Hereafter and neither should it be difficult to reconcile the two

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And Allaah’s Help is sought in perfecting our balance.

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